The Office of Public Instruction has established six essential understandings regarding Montana
Indians. These understanding are listed below. For background
information and lesson plans
on these understandings, click on the below link.
Essential Understandings Regarding Montana Indians from OPI
Grade Level Expectations
ESSENTIAL UNDERSTANDING 1
great diversity among the 12 tribal Nations of Montana in their
languages, cultures, histories and governments. Each Nation has a
distinct and unique cultural heritage that contributes to modern
ESSENTIAL UNDERSTANDING 2
There is great diversity among individual American Indians as
identity is developed, defined and redefined by many entities,
organizations and people. There is a continuum of Indian identity
ranging from assimilated to traditional and is unique to each
individual. There is no generic American Indian.
ESSENTIAL UNDERSTANDING 3
The ideologies of Native traditional beliefs and spirituality
persist into modern day life as tribal cultures, traditions and
languages are still practiced by many American Indian people and are
incorporated into how tribes govern and manage their affairs.
Additionally, each tribe has their own oral history beginning with
their genesis that is as valid as written histories. These histories
pre-date the “discovery” of North America.